In May 2021, I will start my job as a full-time citizen of two cities, as a professor at the Estonian Maritime Academy of the Tallinn University of Technology. In this blog, I discuss shipping, ports, and Helsinki and Tallinn. I also link my blog to Twitter and my LinkedIn page, to enable a wider … Continue reading A citizen of two cities
“In the next 20 years the maritime industry must rebuild its cargo fleet. If this is done with the radical technologies now available, it will lead to the biggest change in ship design since steam replaced sail in the 19th century”, writes Martin Stopford, the world’s most important maritime economist. The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) … Continue reading Environmental views on shipping, part 2: reducing exhaust gas emissions
Figuratively speaking, Finland is an island. Finland lives off exports. Sea transport is our lifeline, but how are the goods shipped at sea? Maritime transport is not growing In 2019, Finland’s foreign trade, in tonnage, totalled 101 million tons. The total has fluctuated around 90–100 million tons since 2003. This means that the volume of … Continue reading How does Finland’s foreign trade show at sea?
Maritime transport has traditionally been seen as an environmentally friendly mode of transport and has thus avoided the strict environmental regulation of other modes of transport. However, the situation changed rapidly after the 1990s, and in the 2010s, many new environmental controls have been introduced globally. The biggest local environmental impact from maritime transport is … Continue reading Environmental views on shipping, part 1
In May 2007, Hannu Hänninen, Doctor of Economics, defended his dissertation on the sinking of the Estonia. According to his dissertation, this was a so-called systemic failure, meaning that it was due to the operating culture of the maritime transport industry at that time. No individual fault or person can be blamed for the accident. … Continue reading A perspective on organisational culture in relation to the sinking of the Estonia
Why is urban water transport used as a mode of transport around the world, but not in Helsinki or Tallinn? Cities are always built by the water - usually along the river on both sides, or and even on an island. It is therefore natural that water transport is part of the public transport in … Continue reading Laws in Urban water transport
The growth of traffic between Helsinki and Tallinn has surpassed all expectations. It has turned two separate cities into a twin city, and traffic continues to grow. Estonia became independent in the early 1990s, and traffic between Finland and Estonia began to grow gradually. However, growth was so deceptively slow that no one believed traffic … Continue reading Growth of traffic between Helsinki and Tallinn